Η απάντηση του Πέτρου Δούκα στον Μπόρις Τζόνσον

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Απάντηση στον Βρετανό πρωθυπουργό, Μπόρις Τζόνσον, για τα όσα είπε στην πρόσφατη επίσκεψή του σχολείο του Λονδίνου για την Σπάρτη δίνει με επιστολή του ο νέος Δήμαρχος Σπάρτης, Πέτρος Δούκας.

Ο  Βρετανός πρωθυπουργός επαίνεσε την κλασική παιδεία λέγοντας ότι δεν έκανε τίποτα εκτός από λατινικά και ελληνικά για περίπου 20 χρόνια και τώρα είναι πρωθυπουργός. Πρόκειται για μια εξαιρετική εκπαίδευση»

Ο Μπόρις Τζόνσον, μάλιστα, αναφέρθηκε στη διαφορά μεταξύ της Αρχαίας Σπάρτης και της Αρχαίας Αθήνας λέγοντας

«Έχετε δει στο βιβλίο σας μια εικόνα της Αθήνας και της Σπάρτης, θυμάστε αυτήν την εικόνα; Η Σπάρτη ήταν μια πολύ σκληρή στρατιωτική πόλη. Οι δύο πόλεις ήταν μονίμως σε αντιπαράθεση και οι Σπαρτιάτες δεν ήθελαν τους μετανάστες, τους έδιωχναν όλους. Όμως η Αθήνα ήταν πιο δεκτική και τότε υποδεχόταν ανθρώπους από όλο τον αρχαίο κόσμο που έρχονταν στην Αθήνα. Δείτε τις δύο πόλεις σήμερα. Η Αθήνα έχει αφήσει πίσω της απίστευτα δοξασμένες στιγμές, ενώ στη Σπάρτη υπάρχουν μόνο ερείπια. Αυτό μας λέει κάτι σημαντικό: Ότι οι κουλτούρες και οι πολιτισμοί πρέπει να είναι ανοικτοί και δεκτικοί, αν θέλουν να είναι επιτυχημένοι».

Η απάντηση του Πέτρου Δούκα:
The City of Sparta
14/09/2019
Your Excellency,
Dear Prime Minister
Dear Boris,
Talking to grade students in London you were kind enough to refer to our great City!
Just to clarify some issues about Sparta!
Sparta was a citizens’ democracy with a very progressive blended constitution!
Full power primarily rested with:
1. The people’s General Assembly (the Apella)
2. The 5 Ephors (commissioners), who represented the dēmos (the common citizens) of Sparta and were chosen by the dēmos (probably by lot, for a single, one-year term only), with overwhelming civil and executive powers,
3. The 28 Senators of over 60-years old, elected by the people’s assembly, and with,
4. The two kings from the two Royal houses of Sparta, who kept watch on each other (checks & balances) and whose coronation was subject to approval by the Senate!
The kings were Commanders-in-Chief, only at times of war, but war was a matter to be decided by the people’s assembly and the 5 ephors, and not by some military junta!
All Spartan kids from the age of 7, received the same tough public schooling (basic math, grammar and reading, music, dance and gymnastics), basically so they would be ready to defend their freedom and their City from tyranny and foreign invaders!
In fact our Western democratic political heritage, the Roman and US Constitutions, but also the UK political system with its constitutional Monarchy, its House of Lords and its House of Commons, bear more resemblance to Lycurgus’ Constitution of Sparta (830 BC), than the various constitutions of Athens that were frequently subject to change as Aristotle noted!
Pausanias, the geographer, described Sparta as a pretty nice city, albeit not as impressive as Athens!
But as the greatest historian Thucydides [A.10.2] wrote, a future traveler, just by looking at the buildings in Sparta, would probably feel that Sparta was something much less than it actually really was (as it was built in separate neighborhoods rather than in one grand central city), while Athens would appear to be twice as glorious and impressive, than it actually was!
 
[Λακεδαιμονίων γὰρ εἰ ἡ πόλις ἐρημωθείηλειφθείη δὲ τάτε ἱερὰ καὶ τῆς κατασκευῆς τὰ ἐδάφηπολλὴν ἂν οἶμαιἀπιστίαν τῆς δυνάμεως προελθόντος πολλοῦ χρόνου τοῖςἔπειτα πρὸς τὸ κλέος αὐτῶν εἶναι (καίτοι Πελοποννήσουτῶν πέντε τὰς δύο μοίρας νέμονταιτῆς τε ξυμπάσηςἡγοῦνται καὶ τῶν ἔξω ξυμμάχων πολλῶν· ὅμως δὲ οὔτεξυνοικισθείσης πόλεως οὔτε ἱεροῖς καὶ κατασκευαῖςπολυτελέσι χρησαμένηςκατὰ κώμας δὲ τῷ παλαιῷ τῆςἙλλάδος τρόπῳ οἰκισθείσηςφαίνοιτ᾽ ἂν ὑποδεεστέρα), Ἀθηναίων δὲ τὸ αὐτὸ τοῦτο παθόντων διπλασίαν ἂν τὴνδύναμιν εἰκάζεσθαι ἀπὸ τῆς φανερᾶς ὄψεως τῆς πόλεως ἢἔστιν.]
 
Earthquakes, Alaric the Visigoth (396 AD) and the lunatic French archaeologist Michel Fourmont (1960-1746), destroyed what was left, of the otherwise pretty and attractive City!
Yes, the Spartans were not prolific writers or speakers, or builders of great edifices, but kept their City free and democratic for about 6 centuries – uninterrupted!
And if they appeared weary of foreigners, it was because they felt that the foreigners could corrupt the centuries-old Spartan virtues (and unsettle the balance with the suppressed helot class).
Sparta was the only city and the only State ever, whose constitution managed to ensure normal successions of power with no coup d’etas!
That is why the ancients themselves admired Sparta much more than Athens!
Your Excellency,
 
Please accept The Δήμος of Sparta invitation to visit, as our guests, our great City and taste our hospitality and history!
Best Regards,
Petros G. Doukas, Ph.D, Econ. NYU
-Mayor of The City of Sparta
-Chairman, The International Chamber of Commerce – Greece
-fm. Member of the Greek Parliament
-fm. Deputy Minister of Finance
-fm. Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs

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